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骨科词汇

常用骨科医学专业英语词汇
骨科 ORTHOPEDICS
1、 概论 INTRODUCTION
*fracture n.骨折
pathological fracture 病理骨折
fatigue fracture 疲劳骨折
*open fracture 开放骨折
close fracture 闭合骨折
*comminuted fracture粉碎性骨折
compressed


fracture 压缩骨折
shock n.休克
*deformity n.畸形
tenderness n.压痛
swelling n.肿胀
ecchymosis n.瘀斑
obstacle n.功能障碍
*bonefascial compartment syndrome 骨筋膜室综合征
infection n.感染
spinal cord injury 脊髓损伤
surrounding nerve 周围神经
*fat embolism 脂肪栓塞
bedsore n.褥疮
arthroclisis n.关节僵硬
ischemic necrosis 缺血性坏死
ischemic contraction 缺血性挛缩
*traumatic arthritis 创伤性关节炎
hematoma n.血肿
*callus n.骨痂
heal n.愈合
*synovitis n.滑膜炎
*ligament n.韧带
*tendon n.肌腱
* pyogenic osteomyelitis 化脓性骨髓炎
*reduction n.复位
*bone traction 骨牵引
*osteoporosis n.骨质疏松
2、上肢骨折FRACTURE OF UPPER EXTREMITIES
clavicle n.锁骨
*humerus n.肱骨
*rotation n.旋转
supracondyle n.髁上
blister n.水疱
pulsate n.搏动
thrombus n.血栓
*cancellous n.松质骨
*epiphysis n.骨骺
*injury n.损伤
*joint n.关节
stability n.稳定
ulna n.尺骨
radius n.桡骨
metacarpal bone 掌骨
bone graft 植骨
hemostasis 止血
*periosteum n.骨膜
tension n.张力
adhesion n.粘连
*skin grafting 植皮
*arthrodesis n.关节融合
extrusion n.挤压
gangrene n.坏疽
pallor n.苍白、灰白
*amputation n.截肢
plaster n.石膏
paralysis n.瘫痪
bandage n.绷带
2、 手外伤 HAND TRAUMA
avulsion n.撕脱
*dislocation n.脱位
stiff adj.僵硬
3、 下肢骨折与关节损伤 FRACTURE OF LOWER EXTREMITIES AND ARTICULAR INJURY
femur n.股骨
adduction n.内收
separate v.分离
cartilage n.软骨
*synovialis n.滑膜
*spinal column 脊柱
5、脊柱及骨盆骨折 FRACTURE OF VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND PELVIS
column n.椎体
cervical column 颈椎
*lumber vertebra 腰椎
sacrum n.骶椎
sense n.感觉
movement n.运动
reflect v.反射
*pelvis n.骨盆
6、关节脱位 ARTICULAR DISLOCATION
congenital dislocation 先天性脱位
pathological dislocation 病理性脱位
*osteoarthritis n.骨关节炎
*total hip replacement 全髋置换术
7、运动系统慢性损伤 CHRONIC STRAIN OF MOVEMENT SYSTEM
strain n.劳损
*cystis n.滑囊
*stenosed tenosynovitis 狭窄性腱鞘炎
*ganglion n.腱鞘囊肿
degenerative adj.退行性变
multiply v.增生
abnormal sense 感觉异常
8、腰腿痛和颈肩痛LUMBAGO AND SHOULDER PAINS
stenosed column 椎管狭窄
9、骨与关节化脓感染OSTEOARTICULAR PURULENT LNFECTION
channe

l n.窦道
drill hole 钻孔
*drainage n.引流
10、骨与关节结核 OSTEOARTICULAR TUBERCULOSIS
bone tuberculosis 骨结核
spinal cord compression 脊髓压迫
11、骨肿瘤BONE

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